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Qantas speaks of $19 airfares, Tasman bubble and Project Sunrise

May 6, 2020 Headline News No Comments
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Jetstar could chop airfares between Sydney and Melbourne to just AUD 19 to boost passenger demand as restrictions over the Covid-19 pandemic abate – and on the Tasman, a “travel bubble”, in which flights between New Zealand and Australia resume unfettered, lies on the horizon.

The Qantas Group said yesterday it had extended flight cancellations from end-May through to the end of July, with schedules still at pre-coronavirus levels – and could add some capacity back into the mix if domestic and trans-Tasman restrictions eased in coming weeks.

Stressing its increasing resilience for long-term recovery, Qantas said it had secured a further AUD 550 million in debt funding and had maintained a strong cash balance which would, with a lower cash-burn rate, provide headroom to manage through the current crisis and recovery.

There was scope to restore some services at relatively short notice as restrictions lifted, the airline said.


Yesterday’s investor briefing by the airline came as top-level talks between Australia and New Zealand explored the possibility of a trans-Tasman “travel bubble” between the two countries.

News came yesterday evening that Australia and New Zealand had reached a formal agreement to establish such a “bubble” as soon as it became safe to allow flights between the two countries.

While both sides see this outcome as highly desirable, it is unlikely to come soon. For a start, Australia and New Zealand would have to reduce their Covid-19 cases to near zero. That may be easier for New Zealand. On Monday this week, New Zealand recorded zero new cases – while on the same day Australia recorded 24 new cases and one death. Some Australian states are performing excellently. South Australia has gone two full weeks with no new coronavirus cases.

Today however, for the first time in more than a month, Australia’s ‘growth factor’ for Covid-19 cases rose above one. That is, Australia has more new cases this week than it did last week. To keep the Covid-19 outbreak under control, a country needs to keep the growth factor below 1.0.  Australia’s current growth factor is 1.04.

Travel restrictions between Australian states would need to end before trans-Tasman travel could be opened up, to avoid a situation where travellers could fly without quarantine from Auckland to Perth but not from Sydney to Perth.

Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison and his New Zealand counterpart Jacinda Ardern issued a joint statement after National Cabinet yesterday, in which the leaders committed to establishing a travel zone “as soon as it is safe to do so”.

“A trans-Tasman COVID-safe travel zone would be mutually beneficial, assisting our trade and economic recovery, helping kick-start the tourism and transport sectors, enhancing sporting contacts, and reuniting families and friends,” the statement reads.

“We need to be cautious as we progress this initiative.

“Neither country wants to see the virus rebound so it’s essential any such travel zone is safe.”


Commenting on likely developments in Australian domestic travel as it lifts off after the end of Covid-19 restrictions, Qantas chief executive Alan Joyce said yesterday that “on Melbourne-Sydney you could see Jetstar have AUD 39 airfares, you could see AUD 19 airfares and we’ll still cover our cash costs on those flights,” the Sydney Morning Herald reported.

On the international front, Joyce revealed that the projected 2023 launch of the Qantas “Project Sunrise” – non-stop flights from the Australian east coast to London and New York – had been put on hold, due to the pandemic. The airline had previously planned to order up to 12 Airbus A350s, which could fly non-stop from Sydney and Melbourne to London and New York, starting in 2023.

On other matters, Joyce said: “Our cash balance shows that we’re in a very strong position, which under the circumstances we absolutely have to be. We don’t know how long domestic and international travel restrictions will last or what demand will look like as they’re gradually lifted.

“Our ability to withstand this crisis and its aftermath is only possible because we’re tapping into a balance sheet that has taken years to build.

“Australia has done an amazing job of flattening the curve and we’re optimistic that domestic travel will start returning earlier than first thought, but we clearly won’t be back to pre-coronavirus levels anytime soon. With the possible exception of New Zealand, international travel demand could take years to return to what it was.

“We’re expecting demand recovery to be gradual and it will be some time before total demand reaches pre-crisis levels. That means we need to think about what the Qantas Group should look like on the other side of this crisis in order to succeed. Fleet, network and capital expenditure will all have to be reviewed but our commitment to serve communities across Australia will not change.

“The Government’s support of the aviation industry by underwriting some essential flying, and the support to the broader economy through JobKeeper, have been greatly appreciated. Public health initiatives like the COVIDSafe app are one of the ways we’ll be able to start travelling sooner, so we strongly encourage all Australians to download it.

“The Qantas Group has literally thousands of suppliers and we’ve put the smaller ones at the front of the queue. We’re grateful to many of our major suppliers, including almost all the capital city airports, who have given us a lot of flexibility.

“I want to recognise our people for their continued support and understanding in the face of this crisis. In particular, those who’ve helped bring Australians home from overseas and kept an essential domestic and regional network running, carrying on what the national carrier has done for 100 years.” 


The Qantas Group confirmed yesterday that it had secured a further AUD 550 million in funding against three of its wholly owned Boeing 787-9 aircraft. This follows the AUD 1.05 billion raised in March against seven 787-9s.

Net debt is now within the middle of the target range, at AUD 5.8 billion. The Group has no financial covenants on any existing or new debt facilities and no significant debt maturities until June 2021. 


The Group has sufficient liquidity to respond to a range of recovery scenarios, including one where the current trading conditions persist until at least December 2021. The Group currently has AUD 2.7 billion in unencumbered aircraft assets and can raise funds against these if required.

At the start of the crisis, the Group acted quickly to wind down cash burn through employee stand downs, a pause on virtually all capital and operating expenditure, and revised agreements with key suppliers.

As a result, and based on current conditions, the Group expects to reach a net cash burn rate of AUD 40 million per week by the end of June 2020.

Since the last cash balance update in March, the Group has seen outflows including a AUD 250 million bond repayment, elevated levels of annual leave payments from standing down more than 25,000 employees ahead of the JobKeeper program starting, and payment of bills from its pre-crisis levels of flying activity.

As at close of business 4 May 2020, total short-term liquidity stands at AUD 3.5 billion, including a AUD 1 billion undrawn facility.


The Qantas Group is currently operating around 5 per cent of its pre-crisis domestic passenger network and around 1 per cent of its international network on an Available Seat Kilometre basis. On a flying hours basis – which includes charters for the resources sector at 75 per cent of pre-Coronavirus levels and passenger aircraft flying as freighters – the Group is operating 13 per cent of its domestic network and 6 per cent of international.

Under the circumstances, Qantas and Jetstar will now extend existing domestic and Trans-Tasman flight cancellations beyond end-May through to the end of June 2020. International flight cancellations will be extended through to end-July 2020.

The initial easing of government restrictions suggests some domestic travel may start to return before the end of July – though initial demand levels are hard to predict. The Group will continue to monitor the situation and can increase capacity with a minimum lead time of around one week.

As a result of the crisis’ impact on travel, the current stand down of employees will now be extended until at least the end of June. The impact of this stand down is deeply regrettable but has been greatly softened by the Australian Government’s JobKeeper program, which the Group commenced paying several weeks ahead of the official payment start date.

The Group is also providing early access to annual and long service leave in addition to the significant leave balances among long-standing workers. A variety of other welfare mechanisms remain available.


Qantas and Jetstar customers with bookings impacted by the cancellations for June and July will be contacted directly and offered alternatives.

In response to feedback, travel credit conditions are being further improved. Customers booked on Qantas and Jetstar flights disrupted by the Coronavirus crisis will be able to split travel credits across multiple future bookings. This is on top of an extended period of time to use the credit. Full details are available on and Customers with bookings made through travel agents or third party websites (e.g. Webjet, will need to contact them directly.


The Qantas Group’s fuel needs were 100 per cent hedged for most of FY20, which delivered significant benefits in the first half of the year but resulted in some hedging losses as fuel consumption dropped and oil prices fell as a result of the coronavirus crisis.

In early April, the Group closed out its over-hedged position through to September 2020. This avoided the precipitous falls in oil prices that occurred in the second half of April, and significantly lowered the Group’s exposure to further hedging losses.

The Group’s remaining Brent crude oil hedging to September 2020 is in outright options with no risk of further hedge losses. As at today, the cash impact of all foreign exchange and fuel hedging between now and the end of September 2020 is a AUD 145 million cash outflow.

The Group has some hedging beyond September with the majority of this being in outright options plus a base layer of collars. These collars remain subject to market price movements but are expected to be effective given they are likely to coincide with increased flying activity for the Group. There are no margin call obligations on the Group’s hedging.


Qantas Loyalty continues to perform well, with external billings flowing from Frequent Flyer partners including financial services and retailers such as Woolworths. A partnership with fuel company BP has created a new opportunity for members to earn points via another consumer staple.

Before the Coronavirus crisis, two-thirds of all Qantas Points were earned on the ground, meaning that the opportunities for engaging the programs’ 13 million members remain high despite the pause in flying activity. A recent survey of members showed 85 per cent were planning to travel as soon as conditions allowed – a sentiment reflected in the fact most are saving their points for a redemption flight sometime in the future.

Qantas Freight has seen high volumes and achieved strong revenue for March and April. Its 12 dedicated freighters are heavily utilised and the airline’s passenger A330 and B787 aircraft have also been used to move cargo on services to Shanghai, Hong Kong and Tokyo, facilitating export of Australian produce and import of medical supplies. The domestic freighter network has seen high volumes due to e-commerce, with demand in recent weeks above the peak levels normally associated with Christmas.

Edited by Peter Needham

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